Matters about emigration in India are governed by the Emigration Act, 1983. As per some regulations, there is a particular category of holders of Indian passports that require obtaining a permit called “Emigration Clearance” from the office of the Protector of Emigrants (POE) when traveling to certain countries.
“Emigration” has been expressly defined as the left of the country, India, by an Indian with the intention of seeking employment opportunities in a foreign country.
As per the regulations, Indian passports come in two categories;
For all passports issued before the end of January 2007, if there’s no notation in the passport then that means ECR.
For passports granted in and subsequently after January 2007 and if there is no notation in the passport, then it means ECNR. For any passport that requires an Emigration Check, the passport will come with an endorsement regarding the same.
The ECR requirements are meant to safeguard the interests of Indian citizens working in different countries due to the varying legal conditions and requirements in that country.
For people subjected to ECR, clearance from (POE) is required before one enters the following countries seeking employment;
The Emigration clearance is only required for people seeking employment opportunities in the above-named countries. If the purposes of travel are not for employment opportunities, then the emigration clearance is not required.
For people traveling to other countries other than the ones named above, then an emigration clearance is not required regardless of whether or not, you are ECNR as described below.